A Guideline for Captains and Managers
In all matches, the names of the substitutes must be given to the referee prior to the start of the match. Any substitute whose name is not given to the referee at this time may not take part in the match. Where the rules of the competition allow repeat substitutions, the rules requiring the naming of players and substitutes must be complied with otherwise repeat substitutions are not allowed. If the rules of the competition state that all of the players and substitutes must be named before kick-off and a team begins a match with fewer than eleven players, only the players named in the starting line-up may complete the eleven upon their arrival.
To replace a player with a substitute the following conditions must be observed:
• The referee must be informed before any proposed substitution is made;
• When (and only when) the substitute is ready to enter the field of play, inform the referee at a moment when there is a stoppage in play. Do not shout at or distract the referee in the minutes before this;
• Inform the referee of the player who is leaving the field of play (he does not have to leave at the half-way line);
• The substitute waits until this player has left the field of play and then obtains the referee’s permission to enter, doing so at the half-way line. He identifies himself to the referee who may inspect his footwear and for jewellery. Then (and only then) he joins his colleagues on the field of play;
• The substitution is completed when a substitute enters the field of play;
• The substituted player takes no further part in the match except where the rules of the competition allow repeat substitutions in which case, after the substitution is completed, the substituted player is treated as a named substitute;
• All substitutes are subject to the authority and jurisdiction of the referee, whether called upon to play or not.
After the half-time interval or before extra time a substitute should not enter the field of play with the rest of the players. The substitute must wait on the half-way line for the substitution procedure to take place.
The referee has no role to play in advising teams of how many minutes are left to play so they may make a substitution. Both substitutes and substituted players must exercise control over their behaviour towards match officials and opponents throughout the game, the half-time interval and after the final whistle. Substitutes and substituted players should wear clothing that clearly distinguishes them from their own team and the opposition.
Infringements and Sanctions
Players and Managers should be aware that if a substitute enters the field of play without the referee’s permission, the referee must stop play (although not immediately if the substitute does not interfere with play) and caution the substitute for unsporting behaviour.
Players and Substitutes Sent-off
A player who has been sent-off before the kick-off may be replaced only by one of the named substitutes.
A named substitute who has been sent-off, either before the kick-off or after play has started, may not be replaced.
Players are the most important people in the sport. Playing for the team, and for the team to win, is the most fundamental part of the game but not winning at any cost.
Fair Play and respect for all others is fundamentally important. This Code focuses on players involved in top-class football. Nevertheless, the key concepts in the Code are valid for players at all levels..
Obligations towards the game
A player should:
1. Make every effort to develop their own sporting abilities, in terms of skill, technique, tactics and stamina.
2. Give maximum effort and strive for the best possible performance during a game, even if his team is in a position where the desired result has already been achieved.
3. Set a positive example for others, particularly young players and supporters.
4. Avoid all forms of gamesmanship, and time wasting.
5. Always have regard to the best interests of the game, including where publicly expressing an opinion on the game and any particular aspect of it, including others involved in the game.
6. Not use inappropriate language.
7. Make every effort consistent with Fair Play and the laws of the Game to help his team win.
8. Resist any influence, which might, or might be seen to, bring into question his commitment to the team winning.
Respect for the Laws of the Game and competition rules
A player should:
1. Know and abide by the laws, rules and spirit of the game, and the competition rules.
2. Accept success and failure, victory and defeat, equally.
3. Resist any temptation to take banned substances or use banned techniques.
Respect towards Opponents
A player should:
1. Treat opponents with due respect at all times, irrespective of the result.
2. Safeguard the physical fitness of opponents, avoid violence and rough play, and help injured opponents.
Respect towards Match Officials
A player should:
1. Accept the decisions of the Match Officials without protest.
2. Avoid words or actions, which may mislead a Match Official.
3. Show due respect towards Match Officials at all times.
Respect towards Team Officials
A player should:
1. Abide by the instructions of his Coach and Team Officials, provided they do not contradict the spirit of this code.
2. Show due respect towards Team Officials of the opposition.
Obligations towards the Supporters
A player should:
Show due respect to the interests of supporters.
1. Confirm final team details with the Club Team Secretary if applicable.
2. Confirm with your Referees' Secretary who your Referee will be.
3. Confirm which players will be going to the meeting venue and which players are going direct.
4. Ensure the person with the kit is still in your side, if not you must arrange to obtain the kit.
5. If your home game is at one of the satellite grounds, you must arrange for nets, pegs, corner flags etc to be transported to ground and returned to the club if applicable.
6. Ensure there are enough cars to transport all players to the venue, if not sort out train times and routes prior to meeting.
7. You should have a Player telephone list and SAL handbook - always bring them with you as they are often needed.
8. For all home games you may wish to provide oranges for the Referee and Opposition.
9. Delegate any Club duties to your players on a rota basis.
10. Ensure the team is changed and on the pitch before kick-off time.
11. Ensure points 8 and 9 are completed as a TEAM, it helps team spirit to have all your players involved in the pre-match operations.
12. On ARRIVAL of the referee, show him to the Referees room, provide him with TWO CORRECTLY INFLATED MATCH BALLS.
13. In your team talk remind your players of their responsibilities regarding discipline, in particular DISSENT towards a Referee and Opponents.
14. If playing a home game at a satellite ground, make sure the referee and opposition are invited back to the club and know how to get there
15. Delegate a player to collect the match fees if applicable.
16. In the Clubhouse ensure the referee has a meal and drink (remember they should have been paid by now).
17. Ensure that Club duties are carried out if applicable.
18. Delegate someone to write the match report if applicable.
19. Make a note of future un-availabilities and number of weeks any player is unavailable.
20. Collect outstanding subscriptions if applicable, encourage those players who have financial problems to pay an additional amount to their match fee each week if applicable.
21. Reply to the Full-Time SMS to report your result by 6.00pm.
22. Provide the RESULTS SECRETARY with the result of your game, name of referee and their mark no later than 12:00 noon on Sunday.
23. All Captains must report to the Club Secretary or, where applicable, the club Discipline Officer all cases of misconduct, within 24 hours of the end of the match.
Referees’ application of the Laws of the Game
How referees apply the Laws of the Game has been and probably always will be, from time to time, a cause of disagreement between referees, players, coaches and spectators. In some cases this may lead to dissent on the field of play that requires the referee to issue a caution (yellow card) and this, although the correct procedure, may widen any gulf between the referee’s action and the players’ opinion of an incident. The Laws of the Game are written in such a way that the opinion of the referee is the only thing that counts.
Undoubtedly, the application of Law 12, dealing as it does with fouls and misconduct, is of primary importance in controlling a game, and the referee’s instantaneous judgement of whether a tackle is fair or not is probably the most frequently-applied part of Law 12.
There are three important aspects for players to bear in mind if they disagree with the referee, the first is whether they fully understand both the Laws of the Game and the advice to referees on their application, the second is whether they shared the same angle of vision as the referee. As we know, observers of incidents (eg, physical contact) will see different aspects depending on their angle of vision. And the third is that your disagreement should be kept to yourself and not voiced to the referee, nor to teammates within earshot of the referee.
Reproduced below is the guidance on tackling that has been issued to referees. All of us involved in the management and organisation of the Southern Amateur Football League hope that, by understanding this, players will appreciate why the referee awards a direct free kick to the opposing team if a player tackles an opponent in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force.
Fair tackling (eg, making direct contact with the ball) is permitted as it is a skill similar to passing the ball, shooting for goal, etc. If a player makes contact with an opponent before touching the ball then he must be punished by the award of a direct free kick. Depending on the degree and intensity of the challenge, a player may receive an additional punishment in the form of a caution or a sending off.
Careless, reckless, using excessive force
• “Careless” means that the player has shown a lack of attention or consideration when making a challenge or that he acted without precaution
• No further disciplinary sanction is needed if a foul is judged to be careless
• “Reckless” means that the player has acted with complete disregard to the danger to, or consequences for, his opponent
• A player who plays in a reckless manner must be cautioned
• “Using excessive force” means that the player has far exceeded the necessary use of force and is in danger of injuring his opponent
• A player who uses excessive force must be sent off